luni, 24 octombrie 2011

De-a BDeaua-n lucru

Anul ăsta, la workshopurile BD din Cluj, Zalău, ulterior in Kosovo, am tot desenat, etapă cu etapă, ce voiam de la grupurile de lucru. Până la urmă s-a adunat un teanc de planşe, făcute cam în grabă, în timp ce încercam să vorbesc cât de cât coerent. Acum, cineva din Serbia care pregăteşte un workshop de acelaşi gen, m-a rugat să sistematizez materialul şi să-i adaug un text explicativ. Zis şi făcut. Scris şi desenat. Şi-acum, că e gata, parcă nu-mi vine să-l îngrop într-un dosar.

Am dezvoltat un plan de lucru în 10 etape, că aşa mi s-a părut logic. De mers, a mers.

Nu zic că-i ideal, nici perfect, nici pe departe complet . Poate nici măcar mediocru, ţinând cont de faptul că se adresa unui public aflat, în marea lui majoritate, la prima experienţă BD din altă postură decât cea de cititor. Dar poate fi un punct de plecare pentru alte dezvoltări, aşa că-l postez aici şi pe blogul Clubului de Comics
Cui îi place, să se servească cu idei şi materiale şi să dea-napoi sugestii, reclamaţii, osanale şi lacrimi de veneraţie. 

Step 1: The basics of comics. Try to make clear that what we do is using the space (paper) to express time (stories, actions, events). We also use a static medium (image) to show dynamic stuff. We can’t do it without the (unconscious and sometimes unwilling) help of the reader.

We use panels to isolate MOMENTS of the story. The movement, or what happens between these moments is BETWEEN the panels, in the white space. The reader completes the story by jumping from panel to panel and filling the spaces between.
Usually, the moments between panel A and B are shown in movies or animation. When we see A and B, we intuitively understand the motion between them.

The first panel in a story is called an establishing panel, because it shows the place or/and time of the story. Usually it’s large and has the necessary elements to give an idea about place and time (castle, cross, Fritz and a date = Middle Age, Christian country, German). Same thing with the spaceship or the Tyrannosaurus). They're the first markers of the story. Secondary markers or tags will appear later: elements you place inside the panels to create an atmosphere (kitchen, bedroom, barber's shop, supermarket, town or village, ethnic, folkloric or historical items. Once you've placed them, you just repeat them from time tot time, when you return to the place, remind the reader where you are. So you don't have to draw the whole kitchen again; just show the coffee machine in a corner and that's enough).

Step 2. Types of panels. Wide or high, we use them acoording to their content, to what we want to show inside. Don’t use a high panel for a wide landscape – you'll lose space.
The straight-lined panels show real things. The curved margins are for imaginary things.

 2”. Points of view. This is a very schematic presentation of two movie techniques: perspective and distance. You have to show either large and wide spaces, or small or very close details. The PoV also produces emotional effects, when you draw/see the vilain from a wormhole perspective, or you get very close to the character’s eyes.

 Step 3. Your hero. I used this to show the kids how to draw simple figures, which have personnality (the classical ball trick). Basic figures, shape variations in human and animal forms. Let them play a whole day with it.

 Step 4. Expressions. If you draw on 10 panels the same two girls, talking, with the same faces and same position, you lose the reader. He’ll close the book and throw it away. So you use their face and body to show what they feel, to involve the reader in the dialogue and in the action.
I’ve done some juggling, clowning, theatre and pantomima workshops, just to learn to exaggerate the face and body language. I also teach my students to uste their faces and bodies to show emotions. (try this: call a child in front of the others, and ask another to command: Happiness! Sadness! Surprise! Pain! And if the “actor” isn’t able to impres the public, or if the “commander” isn’t happy with the expression, let him, the “comander” to get in the middle and do it right. So he becomes the “actor” and someone else will command. This is VERY funny!!!! They love it!!!
So, back to business. In a simple face, we have three main horizontal lines: eyebrows, eyes and mouth. Play with their position, see what it happens. Then ask the students do draw sadness, surprise, anger, pain and so on.

 Step 5: same for the body. Let the students come in the middle and express fatigue, force, sadness, ONLY with their bodies, and let the “public” guess what the actor has shown. Then let them draw attitudes or movements. How do you carry a flower? What effort does it take? How about a big stone? Or pushing a car? Trying to hold a big dog who has just seen a cat? Let them draw exaggerated, funny attitudes – a bird losing its beak, a hungry dog with extended tongue, a human jumping out of fear.

 Step 6. Attitude and motion. Continue from static to dynamic attitudes: running, climbing, carrying luggages, picking up flowers. Exaggerate and make fun.

In comics, we use motion lines to show the direction and speed of a motion. You can multiply the edges of a shape to create the illusion of movement, draw small dust clouds on the street, sweat or tears, etc.

And don’t forget the special effects that stand for sounds, light, heat, frost, jumps, hits and kicks.

 Step 7. oh. Here’s the politically incorrect page. These are the ancestors of the Emoticons: small symbols of anger, revenge, curses and insults and all the F-words which your mama wouldn't like to hear you saying. Use with care.


 Step 8 and 9.  The objects. If you draw realistic comics, you’ll unfortunately have to draw things as they are. If you also want some fun, you can caricature objects, just as you do with humans or animals. Take a rectangular shape (house, door, table, window) and play with its angles, edges and corners. You may find a comic shape that passes to your character drawing style.

 Step 10. Now we get to the serious stuff.

  1. Take an idea, a word. Let the students write words on small paper pieces, fold them, put them into a hat, shake well and pick one. That’s it. You have your start.
  2. Make a short sentence out of the basic idea. In the comics club I play in, we chose “An Unexpected Message”, so this is the structure I’ll show here.
  3. Take every word of the sentence, see what you can make out of it. Search all the possibilities; so you’ll give your students more options. See the plan.
  4. Make a short plan, one sentence for each important phase of the story – later, maybe this sentence will cover a whole page. Play with the moments: place the message in the beginning of the story, in the middle or in the end. See what it changes, what effects it has. The message in the beginning may cause a problem, and you’ll use the rest of the story to find the solution. Or, everything can be well until the middle, then comes the message and brings a change, to the good or the bad. As well, you can start with a situation, good or bad, develop it until the end, where the message brings the ultimate answer or the final doom.
  5. Here’s to think about how long the story will be. Start small, 2-3-4 pages. Don’t plan too much, or it’ll get out of control.
  6. Add details to each sentence, let it grow. Make your story at the same time in writing and in drawing. As soon as you have developed an idea, find the right panel for it, and the right place in the page for that panel, draw small page thumbnails, see how the panels fit in.
  7. VERY IMPORTANT: in the last panel of each page, leave an open situation. Make the reader want to turn the page and see what’s next.
  8. Meanwhile, make sketches about the caracters’ attitude, expressions, gestures and actions. Get used to them, so that you can keep them the same appearance in all the panels, in different expressions, attitudes or actions.
  9. Find a smart end, unexpected, dramatic, ass-kicking (oops! sorry). Try to keep it secret until the last panel.
GOOD LUCK! Oh, and get to work, lazy bastards!

13 comentarii:

  1. “mura-n gura”, ca ne-am saturat de explicat :))

  2. E vborba, cum ziceam, de workshopuri pentru incepatori. Si NU au fost "lectii" de desen, ci de povestit cu ajutorul desenelor secventializate. Evident, nimic din ideile expuse aici nu-i inventat de mine. N-am facut decat sa sistematizez chestii care se gasesc imprastiate pe ici-colo prin toata lumea Comics. Si chiar e nevoie de mura-n gura, ca prea multa teorie strica. Sunt 10 pasi in schema asta (care nu-s obligatorii, dar mi s-au parut logici), dar am parcurs-o in 4-5 zile, in fiecare din cazurile in care am aplicat-o. Practic, util si amuzant. Acum, chiar si fara buletin :)))))

  3. sectia de ilustratie/animatie de la grafica are nevoie de astfel de prezentari, foarte refreshing. Am invatat si eu cate ceva :D

  4. :)))))))))))) ...da, asa ceva am cautat si eu la ei. Degeaba, evident...

  5. Da, extraordinara initiativa !!!!

    Si mai multe detalii, pe cand ???

  6. Va trebui s-o traduc in romana zilele asta, ca prea multa lume insista. Practic, am adunat materiale folosite la workshopuri, pentru o prezentare schematica si in viteza. Tot ce e aici se gaseste deja in cartile lui Will Eisner (Comics and Sequential Art si Graphic Storytelling and Visual Narrative) si Scott McCloud (Understanding Comics si Reinventing Comics). Celelalte sunt pur si simplu chestii de bun simt, puse in pagina in functie de publicaul care era acolo si punea intrebari. Oricum, ca sa-ti raspund la intrebare, Costel, pe masura ce le folosesc la cate un workshop, mai adaug cate ceva. Probabil si la traducerea in romana o sa-mi vina ceva idei explicative in plus, aspecte pe care pana acum le-am neglijat sau de care inca n-a intrebat nimeni. Asa ca sigur vor fi si detalii.

  7. Da, chiar e o initiativa benefica !!!

  8. foarte practic cursul! felicitari!

    il pot prelua si eu pentru blogul revistei?

  9. Normal, Octav. Cu mentiunea ca e doar o schema simplista si incompleta, ale carei merite sunt 1) faptul ca e facuta din elemente deja stabilite de maestrii genului, pe care i-am pomenit deja intr-o replica anterioara si 2) faptul ca am aplicat-o si chiar functioneaza, ceea ce se datoreaza de fapt tot maestrilor. In rest, nicio problema. S-o aplicati si voi sanatosi. Succes!

  10. sau poate vrei sa astepti traducerea in romana, revazuta si adaugita?

  11. ok, astept traducerea, nu-i nici o graba :)

  12. Vine saptamana asta, poate si cu ceva in plus :)